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Afro-Egypt J Infect  Endem  Dis  2018 March ; 8(1):Session [UserIDID]

An Overview Study of Malaria Infection in Almaza Military Fever Hospital; An Egyptian Pilot Study

Runia Fouad El-Folly1, Amr Mohamed El-Sayed2, Mohamed Ezz Elarab3 1Department of Tropical Medicine, Faculaty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.2Department of Infection, Military Medical Academy, Cairo, Egypt 3Department of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, Internal Medicine Department, Ahmed Maher Educational Hospital, Cairo, Egypt.



Background and study aim: Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.The aim of this study  is to study the clinical presentations and outcomes of malarial infected cases attending Almaza Military Fever Hospital in Cairo.

Patients and Methods: Fifty patients with malarial infection were selected from those admitted to Almaza Military Fever Hospital. The following investigations were done for all cases; (CBC), liver and renal function tests, serological tests (rapid diagnostic test for serum malarial antigens & microscopic examination of peripheral blood film) and abdominal US.

Results: The majority of cases (76%) was already diagnosed and was coming from Peace Keeping Mission Forces in Africa. Congo was the most malaria-infected place (36%), then Ivory Coast (26%). Most of cases (80%) had intermittent fever. Six patients (12%) were admitted at ICU. The thick film method was the most sensitive diagnostic test (98%). P. falciparum was the commonest species among cases (80%) then P. ovale (20%). The best response in studied cases was poly-therapy (84%) while mono-therapy was effective in only 5 patients (10%), (82%) of cases were cured, one patient died and one patient had a relapse while 2 patient (4%) had recurred.

Conclusion: Thick film is the most sensitive and informative test among diagnostic test modalities. Combined therapy (polytherapy) is preferable than monotherapy.